Informed Consent

Informed Consent

Informed Consent is a decision-making process where a patient is educated about their medical condition by their physician and gives permission for a specific treatment. The process involves evaluating the patient and their medical conditions, considering treatment options and discussing potential benefits, risks and possible complications of a specific treatment. Permission is documented in a written informed consent signed by the patient (or their guardian if the patient is a minor or power of attorney if the patient is unable to make their own decision). Occasionally verbal consent may be obtained. Informed Consent is also required for participation in a research study/clinical trial.

In breast surgery, Informed Consents are obtained prior to a biopsy or surgery. The Informed Consent addresses:


    Patient’s name 

    Doctor’s name


    Name of the procedure to be performed

    Includes site of the procedure; right, left, bilateral

    May include specific location of the breast problem

    What is the problem being addressed; i.e. breast cancer, abnormal breast imaging, nipple discharge, etc.


    Other options to the specific treatment offered

    This includes “No Treatment” as an option


    Benefits for having the specific treatment

    Consequences of not having the specific treatment


    Possible Complications of the specific treatment

Patients should ask any questions they have about their medical conditions and their treatment options. There is no such thing as a bad question. An informed patient is an empowered patient.

Additional information may be obtained on the American College of Surgeons website link: